Under Construction

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SUMMARY

Category: FredericktheGreatOntheArtofWar_

The following is a resume of the general maxims we have just established, which will provide abridged rules for strategy, according to the situation in which one finds himself.

1.  Whoever wants to undertake a war must procure accurate knowledge of the strength of the enemy that he is about to fight and of the assistance that the enemy can draw from his allies, in order to compare the enemys forces to his own and to judge which side is superior.

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767 Economic Woos in the Eariy 1990s

Category: AmericanHistoryTheModernEraSince1865StudentEdition

During the Bush administration, the economy grew more slowly than at any time since the end of World War 11. Among other factors, sharply rising oil prices following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait threw America into a recession that persisted longer than expected.

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Congress establishes the Indian Claims Commission

Category: Sdf20

The Indian Claims Commission (ICC), formed by an act of Congress, is charged with reviewing and resolving all outstanding land claims of Indians living within the continental United States. The commission is meant to free the U. S. Court of Claims from hearing Indian land claims.

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  • Date: , 02:47
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Colin Imber

Category: 068431200X__Vol._4

OXENSTIERNA, AXEL (1583-1654), Swedish diplomat and statesman.

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  • Date: , 02:38
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;;f-' ;; ;.

Category: TheAmericanIndians-Peopleofthedesert(HistoryEbook)

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  • Date: , 02:37
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63.109

Category: Cambridge History of China 08

Source Mingshib ch. 40-46. It is commonly thought that the 1395 figures may be reasonably correct, but that later figures are seriously misleading - that, by 1600, the actual total population had grown well over too million and perhaps closer to 200 million.

Administration of these large areas and populations was made possible by the perpetuation, in Ming times, of the regional and local administrations of earlier times.

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  • Date: , 02:32
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Rf T

Category: Warontherontier-TheTrans-MississippiWestTheCivilWa

In Sergeant Peticolas sketch of the Battle of Valverde, mounted Texans face Federais armed with cannon along the Rio Grande. In time, Peticolas noted, many troopers dismounted to fire more accurately on foot: Not a man shot without taking sight, for Texas boys are accustomed to the use of arms and never shoot their ammunition away for nothing.

Mules pull Confederate supply wagons near Star Mountain in this drawing done by Peticolas in western Texas on June 14. The teamsters were lucky to be riding, for most of the troops had lost their mounts; many of those on foot would give out on the road, Peticolas predicted, and when we reach San Antonio the brigade will be dwindled to a regiment.

Some of the troops, and a woman passenger wrote that the wretched men were suffering terribly from the effects of heat; very many of them were a-foot, and scarcely able to travel from blistered feet.

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Representation

Category: AmericanHistoryTheModernEraSince1865StudentEdition

The dispute between large and small states nearly broke up the convention.

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  • Date: , 02:25
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;Graetz, v. 373

Category: World_Revolution_

 Sur Moses Mendelssohn, sur la reforme politique des Juifs; et en particulier sur la revolution tentee en leur faveur en 1753 dans la Grande-Bretagne. A Londres, 1787

Author of La ReptAlique Universelle, wrote his pro-Semitic pamphlet called Lettre sur les Jtiifs.

The result of this agitation was seen later in the edicts passed through the influence of Mirabeau and the Abbe Gregoire by the National Assembly in 1791 decreeing the emancipation of the Jews.

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  • Date: , 02:24
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Smoke and mirrors: long-range communication

Category: OW_172_Apache_Warrior_1860-86

In an attempt to coordinate their actions, Chiricahua Apaches on campaign used various techniques to communicate with each other over long distances. They mainly used smoke signals (by day), signal fires (by night) and mirrors for this purpose. To understand this means of communicating, we must first divest ourselves of the old Hollywood image of the grizzled old army scout seeing smoke signals and reading off a detailed plan of action. The use of smoke and fire signals was much less complicated, as the Chiricahuas knew their limitations and used such media to convey very simple messages.

For example, during the late 1870s, an Apache leader might decide that he was going to use the Goodsight Mountains camp to move some stolen

Goodsight Mountains campsite: if under continued attack, the Apaches could fall back from one outcrop of rock to another. This photo is taken from the southern mid edge of Point C on the map. The Apaches never had to mount such a defence, as this campsite was not found until after they had ceased to use the location. (Author's photo)

Steins Peak, with the remains of the Steins Peak stagecoach station in the foreground. There were regular sightings of signal fires on the top of this mountain during the Apache Wars.

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  • Date: , 02:23
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5.2% 18.0%

Category: TheMilitaryBalance2013-1

1.9%

Djibouti has a small military almost entirely dominated by the army, reflecting the state's size and population. The country's security is informally bolstered by the presence of French and US troops.

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  • Date: , 02:22
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499 499

Category: Medals, Orders, DecorationsandMilitaria03

[Books] GreatWar. The Kensingtons 13 London Regiment published by the Regimental Old Comrades Association, illustrated, with folding maps, hardcover History of the 7" (City of London) Battalion The London Regiment published by the Old Comrades Association, illustrated, hardcover Stair Gillon, Captain - The K. O.S. B.(Kings Own Scottish Borderers) in the Great War, with illustrations and folding maps, hardcover The History of the Prince of Wales Own Civil Service Rifles first edition 1921 (ex lib.) illustrated, hardcover Aston, John & Duggan E. M. - The History of the 12'" (Bermondsey) Battalion East Surrey Reg/meot first edition 1937, illustrated, with folding maps, hardcover, (5)

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  • Date: , 02:14
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Ou YU TS'llJAN SHAN I (Forfaine deJade)

Category: Gardechiemp

Figure 4.5 Contemporary map of Garden of Tranquil Luminescence, based on He and Zeng, but revised according to Bouillard data. (Siu family collection).

Jade Peak Pagoda (Yufeng To) on the highest summit of the moimtain.

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  • Date: , 02:13
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Waste a moment beating a hasty retreat out of the

Category: FoW_Atlantik_Wall

Tlie highly professional paratroopers easily overcame th( untrained FFl and the captured ranks knocked out the heavy weapons the French had. After about 20 minutes of jj  fighting, the Fallschirmjager reached the last roadblock in Brasprats and broke through onto the open road.

The column raced toward Brest smashing through the firsi' few roadblocks.

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  • Date: , 02:12
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Arkansas

Category: TheIllustratedEncyclopediaof20thCenturyWeaponsandW

Us battleship.

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  • Date: , 02:09
, 02:09

ALEXAHDRIA, VIRGIHIA

Category: TheAmericanIndians-Cyclesoflife(HistoryEbook)_

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  • Date: , 02:06
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229

Category: GNMVietnam_

To that.

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  • Date: , 02:05
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Ferris, Internationalism of Islam

Category: TheBritishWayinWarfarePowerandtheInternationalSyst

Russians.

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  • Date: , 02:02
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It is time to let him go home.

Category: Sdf20

Chippewa novelist Louise Erdrich.

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  • Date: , 02:01
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Greienwelder Str.58 Berlin H.20 Deutschland

Category: Sutton-HitlersOlympics

Gymnast Werner Schwiegers Olympic pass and him today.

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  • Date: , 02:00
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NATIONS AND NATIONALISM: VOLUME 4 (1989-PRESENT)

Category: Natinati

But in addition to this important British political, cultural, and economic context, we also need to focus on the geographic variables that have contributed to the development of Welsh identity.

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  • Date: , 01:58
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BRINDIS LEGIONARIO

Category: LaLegionEspanolaTomoIII(1971-1995)_

Finalizado el desfile, y al igual que habia hecho en Las Navetas saludando personalmente a nuestros Legionarios, estrecho las manos de los Oficiales y Suboficiales que habian tomado parte en la formacion y se procedio a la inauguracion del Monumento Conmemorativo a la intervencion de La Legion en Misiones de Naciones Unidas.

S. M. El Rey ante el monumento La Legion y Las Misiones de Paz

El monumento del delineante y ceramista Miguel Cesar Torres, consta de la silueta de una paloma sobre un pebetero orlado en laurel sobre una columna en cuyo centro sobre el escudo de La Legion sobresale un mapamundi.

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  • Date: , 01:57
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Bibliography

Category: FredericktheGreatKingofPrussia_

Anderson, M. S., The War of Austrian Succession, Longman, 1995.

Andrews, Stuart, Enlightened Despotism, Longman, 1968.

Asprey, Robert, Frederick the Great.

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  • Date: , 01:53
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Mobilization

Category: Warsofthe20thCentury_

On receiving the Serbian response, Austria-Hungary immediately broke diplomatic relations, and planned to commence war on 10 August, when mobilization would be completed.

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, 01:51

Gail Eeigenbaum

Category: 068431200X__Vol._1

CARBIERA, ROSALBA (1675-1757), Italian painter, known for miniatures on ivory.

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Ihid. f p. 21

Category: TheAgeofNelson. TheRoyalNavyintheAgeofItsGreatestP

Van of the French line, each ship sounding as she came on and gradually shortening sail as she closed with the enemy.

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  • Date: , 01:42
, 01:42

Hessbruegge, Human Rights Violations, pp. 25-6

Category: PW_

C. Jochnick, Confronting the Impunity of Non-state Actors: New Fields for the Promotion of Human Rights (1999) 21 Human Rights Q 56-79, 58-9.

Human rights obligations can take the form either of direct or indirect obligations or of obligations of conduct or obligations of result as presented in Ch. 2, section E 1 above. This typology was established by Asbjem Eide, Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food at the former UN Human Rights Commission: see UN Doc. E/Cn.4/Sub.2/1987/23 (7 July 1982), para. 66. This typology was itself inspired by the categorization established by Henry Shue in 1980: see H. Shue, Basic Rights. Subsistence, Affluence, and US Foreign Policy (Princeton University Press, 1980). For a more detailed account of the tripartite typology, see Jagers, Corporate Human Rights Obligations, pp. 75-9.

See Ch. 2, section E 2.2 above on due diligence in human rights law.

Corporations, scholars have ventured beyond this state-centered approach so as to question whether human rights obligations could also acquire a horizontal effect - that is to say, to create obligations for non-state actors between them. An affirmative answer would thus have the consequence of binding PMSCs by IHRL duties almost to the same extent as states. This is the stand taken by the UN Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. In its 2003 Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and other Business Enterprises with regard to Human Rights, the Sub-Commission indeed recognizes human rights obligations of transnational corporations, alongside the primary responsibility of states. Along the same line, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises proposed a Framework for Business and Human Rights - welcomed by the UN Human Rights Council - which relies upon the triptych of the State duty to protect, the corporate responsibility to respect and the access to remedies.

See Ratner, Corporations and Human Rights, pp. 461 fF.

As will be presented hereafter, although a horizontal effect of human rights obligations can be conceived, non-State actors, such as PMSCs, will not be bound by the whole corpus of human rights obligations incumbent upon states as some are inherently linked to the state organization.

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  • Date: , 01:41
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Destroyed them, taking more than

Category: TheIllustratedDirectoryoftheU. S.MarineCorps_

3,000 civilian lives. Another jetliner crashed into a section of the Pentagon, killing 189 men and women, and a fourth plane spiraled to the ground near Pittsburgh, killing 44 more after courageous passengers overwhelmed the hijackers.

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  • Date: , 01:34
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1986)

Category: TheAshgateResearchCompaniontoImperialGermany_

_ and List, Gunther (eds).

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  • Date: , 01:30
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Ef. Conduct of the Attack

Category: TheSovietMotorizedRifleCompany

(1) During the deployment into platoon columns and the combat formation, the company commander amplifies the platoon missions by radio.

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  • Date: , 01:29
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He feared the Admiralty had set out again

Category: TheBritishWayinWarfarePowerandtheInternationalSyst

On the old Chinese road where the whole object of historical teaching is sacrificed to feats of incoherent memorialisation.

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  • Date: , 01:28
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Identification

Category: InsideSpetsnaz-SovietSpecialOperations_

The term SOF provides an immediate basis for misunderstanding.

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: V

Category: TheUSWarMachine-AnIllustratedEncyclopediaofAmerica

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  • Date: , 01:17
, 01:17

On Ershovs report, see my Chapter 16

Category: BeginningsofRussianIndustrialization1800-1860_

On Ershov, Biograficiteskii slovar Moskovskago Universiteta, vol. I, pp. 326-28; and Figurovskii, Istoriia estestvoznaniia v Rossii, vol. I, part 2, p. 102.

In Chemical Technology at Moscow University.

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  • Date: , 01:15
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CHAPTER X A MODERN CALIGULA

Category: TheCurseoftheRomanovs_

Campaign against round hats Pauls marotte militaire Tourgenevs MemoirsThe men of GatshinaChanges and reformsIll-treatment of courtiers and officersPauls helpersHis love for pomp and ceremonyCoronation solemnitiesThe Tsar mistrusts his wife and best friendsMile.

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  • Date: , 01:12
, 01:12

Builder: Falkenbergs Varv - Sjomainingsfartyg

Category: WeyersFlottentaschenbuch1990-1991_

3  AG; Nils Stromcrona (84) 168 ts. 12 kn, 4 ScaniaDM, 1272 kW. 30 x 10 x 1.6 m. Katamaran; Jacob Hugg (83)

130 ts, 16.5 kn. 4 Scania-DM. 1240 kWj, 36.5 x 7.5 x 1.7 m, Bes 13; Anders Bure (ex Rali) (68) 34 ts,

15 kn, DM, 510 kWj, 25 x 5.9 x 1.5 m - omatningsfartyg I VersuchsschifF/Trial Ship: Skuld (ex M 20) (41) 70 ts, 13 kn, fur Minensuche/for (5 3 AX; Cariskrona - s. NB; Falken, Gladan (46-47) 220 ts, 36 kW. Zweimastgaffelschuner mit DM. Segelflache 512 m/two masted schooner with DM, sail area 5510 sq. ft. - ovningartyg

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, 01:08

Nenad Filipovic

Category: 068431200X__Vol._5

PORTRAIT MINIATURES.

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  • Date: , 01:07
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Marie Antoinette, Queen of France 62, 221

Category: HistoryofWomeninEurope

309

Markievicz, Constance 280 marriage: central to family 24-5, 30-33, 40-42; contracts 21; divorce 33; dowries

24-5; economic relationship 25; expectations of 21; extramarital sex 59; never-married women 27-29, 36-37; oppresses women 17; premarital sex 60, 77; spinsters, working 167-8; widows 27-9, 36-7, 145, 147, 168; wives at home 30-33, 40-42; see also domestic ideology, family, motherhood, public/private spheres, sexuality Marriage, Ellen 356 Marshall, Catherine 279 Martin, Maria (French feminist) 238 Martineau, Harriet 228 Martyn, Caroline 247 Mary the Virgin 109, 186, 193 Mata Hari 278

Maternalism 1T7%, 238-240, 282 Maugeret, Marie 197 Maupassant, Guy de 67 Mayei; Alexandre 66 Medick, Hans 310 Meer, Theo van der 68 Meerten-Schilperoort, Anna Barbara van 95, 105, 109

Mellon, Harriet 351 Melman, Billie 201 Mendelssohn, Fanny & Felix 350 Mensinga, Dr 72 menstruation mythologies 190 Mercier, Helene 191 Mercier, Louis-Sebastian 141 Mericourt, Theroigne de 268-9 Mernissi, Fatima 179, 186, 207 Mereau, Sophie 314 metalwork 143 Michel, Sonya 238 Michelangelo 341

Middle classes: domestic ideology 107; education 95, 102, 109-10 , families 17-18, 27, 29-34; leisure 319, 311-2, 324; Nazism 82; sexuality 66-8 Middle East 107 Midgley, Clare 234 migration, rural 150, 154 Milan 163

Militaristic language 272-3, 274 Millet-Robinet, Cora-Elisabeth 151 Minerva Association (Czech) 116 missionaries 94, 113, 201 Mitchell, Hannah 247 Mnouchkine, Ariane 371 Mohammed 186-7, 201, 202, 207 Monserda de Macia, Dolors 200 Montaclos, Mme de 100 Montagu, Elizabeth 343, 355 Montagu, Lily 204

Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley 100, 313 Montefiore, Claude 204 Montgolfier, Adelaide de 357 Montgomery, Eiona 1 Morath, Inge 366

More, Hannah 97, 104, 126, 343, 355 Morgernstern, Lisa 191 Moriset, Berthe 361, 372 Morrell, Jemima 323 Moscow 352

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15 DECEMBER 1862

Category: TheCivilWarAlmanac_

Western Theater In Tennessee, General Grants forces, which are on their way to Vicksburg, Mississippi experience difficulties with Confederate forces under General Nathan Bedford Forrest.

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;Of course, you may come aboard our-

Category: SpySub-ATopSecretMissiontotheBottomofthePacific_

"And you are two goddamn weeks behind in refueling the reactor!"

"You know about that.

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  • Date: , 01:03
, 01:03

(2001b). Introduzione. In Cardano 2001, xxi-xlv

Category: What_Was_History

(2003) . Les lieux communs chez les humanistes. In Decultot (ed.) (2003), 31-42.

(2004) . Kirchers Chronology. In Athanasius Kircher: The Last Man Who Knew Everything, ed. Paula Findlen: 171-187. New York and London: Routledge.

(2005) . The Identities of History in Early Modern Europe: Prelude to a Study of the Artes Historicae!' In Pomata and Siraisi (ed.) (2005), 41-74.

Grafton, Anthony, Siraisi, Nancy, and Shelford, April (1992). New Worlds, Ancient Texts: The Power of Tradition and the Shock of Discovery.

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  • Date: , 01:03
, 01:03

Fig. 76. Overcoat 1841

Category: Dover-NineteenthCenturyCostumeandFashion_

Times cut to hang straight down from the shoulders, ending in a bell-shape just above the knees (see Fig. 77), and sometimes fitted tightly to the waist, the bell-shaped skirts being cut separately and reaching half-way down the leg (see Fig. 76). Most of these overcoats had large flap pockets, and in some cases sported a small cape in addition

To the ordinary collar.

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  • Date: , 00:59
, 00:59

Fighting Using the ram

Category: Sea Battles in Miniature A Guide to Naval Wargamin

Oar rakingOar raking takes place when one galley attacks another at a shallow angle so that the attackers bow scrapes along the other ships side, smashing its oars. When the two ships come into contact they are moved, by phases, the whole distance of the move.

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  • Date: , 00:56
, 00:56

What were the results of colonial resistance?

Category: 0618471405byarolBerkin2010_

The Declaratory Act firmly asserted that Parliament had the sole and exclusive right to tax the colonists. This was a clear rejection of the colonial assemblies claim to power, yet the colonists responded with indifference.

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  • Date: , 00:52
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174, ;193-197; Peoples Army 173-

Category: TheCzecho-SlovakStruggleforIndependence,1914-1920

175,  193-197, 216, 227, 267, 3IO/268

Konicek, Svatopluk 52 Kopecky, Frantisek 180 Korber, Ernst von 48, 97 Kornilov, Gen. Lavr 6, 91, 122, 28940

Kornilovsty 6,122 Kossuth, Lajos 24-25, 59, 210, 28040

Krai, Frantisek 122-123,138, 293 18 Kramar, Karel: anti-Bolshevik sympathies of 228, 235-236; arrest and trial of 53, 59,80,97,98, 286104; in Czechoslovak delegation to Paris Peace Conference

234,  236, 240, 306;i30; disagreements with Masaryk 39, 50, 235, 273; postwar career of 231-232,

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  • Date: , 00:50
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The failure of Japanese diplomacy

Category: Warsofthe20thCentury_

Having failed to gain their ends through diplomacy, Japanese leaders faced an agonizing decision.

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  • Date: , 00:45
, 00:45

References and Further Reading

Category: 1851098178

Eichstaedt, Peter H., and Murrae Haynes. 1994. If You Poison Us: Uranium and Native Americans. Santa Pe, NM: Red Crane Books.

Gallagher, Carole.

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  • Date: , 00:44
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Esteemed Friend

Category: TheUndergroundRailroadandtheCivilWar(UntoldHistory

This evening a company cf eleven friends reached here, having left their homes on the night of the 27th, and left there, in the town, their two carriages, drawn by two horses. They went to Thomas Garrett's by open day-light and from thence were sent hastily onivard for fear of pursuit.

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