Under Construction

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  • Date: , 11:54
, 11:54

231 KC, 10, p. 767. 232 MS, 93, pp. 2283-84

Category: Cambridge History of China 07

233 KC, 10, p. 773; see the discussion of this in Huang Chang-chien, 'Ta Ming lii kao kao.

Tropolitan examination and was blamed for the fact that not a single successful candidate came from the north.

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  • Date: , 11:51
, 11:51

Before the Bureau of the Budget

Category: ScholasticEncyclopediaofthePresidentsandTheirTimes

Was created, each department of the government handled its own budget.

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  • Date: , 11:42
, 11:42

APRIL 1877

Category: TheCivilWarAlmanac_

President Hayes resolves a disputed election between two rivals for the governorship of South Carolina by awarding the office to the candidate of the redeemers, the old guard of white Southerners, and withdrawing the Federal troops from the state.

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  • Date: , 11:39
, 11:39

50. CLAUDE-JOSEPH VERNET (1714-1789)

Category: CM27-10-10_

A three-masted merchantman at anchor Watercolour and grey wash over pen and ink 15 x 10in. (38 x 25.5cm.)

Provenance: Ex-Collection Baron Reynouard, Versailles.

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  • Date: , 11:35
, 11:35

A New Campaign Begins

Category: TheAmericanHeritagePictureHistoryoftheCivilWar

In the spring of i80.j, as the Federal htgli command mustered its forces for a new campaign against Robert E. Lee, it had to face a thorny problem: the three-year enlistments of the veteran regiments which comprised the hard core of the Army of tlie Potomac were about to expire.

One soldier remarked that he had no desire to monopolize all the patriotism there is, but am willing to give others a chance.' His attitude was hardly surprising, (or few other armies had been so ineptly led, and at such terrible cost in human life. Even so. more than half the men who had enlisted in tlic bright, far-off days of 1861 finally decided to sign up again, quietly determined to finish the job.

U. S. Grant traveled with this army now. and he too was quietly determined.

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  • Date: , 11:35
, 11:35

Bismarcks Germany: economic and social

Category: GermanyAModernHistory

159

Steel industry was dominated by a few big names, or more properly dynasties, of which Krupp is the best known. The first Krupp, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, had a small forge in the village of Essen, where, as a result of experimentation, he discovered a process for making cast steel.

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  • Date: , 11:34
, 11:34

Brutal Conquests. After the surrender in May of

Category: ScholastiEncyclopediaoftheUnitedStatesatWar_

Bataan and Corregidor in the Philippines, the Japanese forced American and Philippine captives on a long march to prison camps.

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  • Date: , 11:29
, 11:29

SOURCE 22 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu on inoculation against smallpox

Category: 14501789

Innovations in medical treatment often came through individuals who learned through observation, not formal training.

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  • Date: , 11:29
, 11:29

3,319,190

Category: 0521075246_

It will be seen that, although the annual average for 1703-12 is minimally higher than for 1689-98, receipts during the second half of the Spanish Succession War amounted to less than half those of the first.

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  • Date: , 11:22
, 11:22

13. The End of Political Innocence

Category: The_mystery_of_olga_chekhova_bivor_antoni_zag_

Misha Chekhov came back into the lives of the Knipper family again in 1924. Aunt Olya told Nemirovich-Danchenko that she would be happy to play the mayors wife in The Government Inspector, the Gogol play in which Misha was now the star.

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  • Date: , 11:18
, 11:18

REASON AND METHODOLOGY

Category: 068431200X__Vol._5

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries debated means for instrumentalizing reason and instituting it authoritatively in order to do just what Montaigne knew it could not; to discover definitive and fixed truths about the world. Such debates were primarily methodological and led to the establishment of reason as the foundation for knowledge.

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  • Date: , 11:16
, 11:16

X - T

Category: -NewYork-aPictorialHistory(History Photo Ebook)_

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  • Date: , 11:13
, 11:13

.Maroon

Category: TheNapoleonicWarspt.1_

In 1808, the chasseurs a cheval adopted the coatee with short skirts, known as the Kinski pattern.

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  • Date: , 11:12
, 11:12

46-57-

Category: Cambridge History of China 08

Wills, John E., Jr. Tribute, defensiveness, and dependency: uses and limits of some basic ideas about Mid-Ching foreign relations. Annals of the Southeast Conference of the Association for Asian Studies, Vol. 8 (1986), pp. 84-90; rpt. American Neptune, 48, No. 4 (Fall 1988), 225-29.

Witek, John D. Understanding the Chinese: A comparison of Matteo Ricci and the French Jesuit mathematicians sent by Louis XIV. East Meets West: The Jesuits in China, 182ijj}, eds. Charles E. Ronan, S. J., and Bonnie B. C. Oh. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1988, pp. 62-102.

Wolf, Arthur P. Social hierarchy and cultural diversity - a critique of G. William Skinners view of Chinese peasant culture. In Chung-yang yen-chiu-yiian

Ed. Chung-yang yen-chiu-yiian ti-erh-chieh kuo-chi Han-hsueh hui-i lun-wen-chi (Dec. 29-1, 1986-Ching-chu Chung-yang yen-chiu-yiian yiian ching liu-shih chou-nien): Min-suyiiwen-hua tsu

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  • Date: , 11:12
, 11:12

Chapter 8: The Queens Loyal Rangers

Category: KingsMenTheSoldierFoundersofOntario_

1. Toronto Globe, July 16,1877.

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  • Date: , 11:07
, 11:07

NATIONS AND NATIONALISM: VOLUME 4 (1989-PRESENT)

Category: Natinati

Down to most ordinary Rwandans and Burundians.

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  • Date: , 11:05
, 11:05

Bf Tb Al0Otte4

Category: Sutton-HitlersOlympics

MADRID. Dec. I - Srah Aku-nevueb.

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  • Date: , 11:05
, 11:05

LA LEGION SALVA A LA REPUBLICA

Category: LaLegionEspanolaTomo1(1920-1936)_

La Legion continuaba imperterrita, perfilando mas aun, si ello era posible, su marcialidad y eficiencia.

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  • Date: , 11:02
, 11:02

Doctrine of Discovery

Category: 1851098178

209

Either by purchase or by conquest" (Williams, 1986, 253-254).

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  • Date: , 10:57
, 10:57

Kyoto Noble Village

Category: Kyoto - An Urban History of Japans Premodern Capit

As touched on in chapter 7, it was during Hideyoshis reign that a series of policies catalyzed the creation of an aristocratic enclave surrounding the Imperial Palace. What had begun as a more-or-less natural congregation of the civil aristocracymotivated by tax exemptions and promises of self-policing privilegesturned into a de facto relocation program under

8.2. Da/r/zu, depicting the Kyoto Nobie Village, 1863. Courtesy of international Research Center for Japanese Studies (Nichibunken)

The Tokugawa.

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  • Date: , 10:45
, 10:45

22 latsunskii, in Genezis kapitalizma, p. 132

Category: BeginningsofRussianIndustrialization1800-1860_

2s Pazhitnov, Khlopchatobumazhnaia promyshlennost, pp. 16, 18-19.

2 Tengoborskii, Commentaries, vol. II, pp. 7-11, 15-17.

And the use of servile labor as the two primary sources of the low productivity and high costs of the Russian woolens industry. Russian woolens manufacturers did not know how to sort and wash wool, and expensive middlemen pre-empted this function.

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, 10:45

' colloquy dialogue

Category: Vol. 3

During the Renaissance, Portuguese schoiars stressed the ties between the Portuguese language and classical Latin. For example, author Joao de Barros (ca. 1496-1570) composed poetry that could be read as either language.

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  • Date: , 10:45
, 10:45

SYSTEMS

Category: TheYearinDefence2010

A helicopter hovers, waiting to evacuate a simulated casualty as fellow Marines and sailors bring a Marine on a stretcher. Alpha Company from 2nd Marine Special Operations Battalion, U. S. Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations Command, participated in a full mission profile exercise at Fallon, Nev, April 16, 2009.

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  • Date: , 10:40
, 10:40

The Place of Turkish in Egypt's Translation Program

Category: Turegycul

The active and multifaceted translation program launched in Egypt under Muhammad Ali calls for attention. One of its most conspicuous featmes was that it did not confine itself to translations made, in accordance with established custom, among the languages of Ottoman cultureTurkish, Arabic, and Persianbut went beyond these to include European languages.

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  • Date: , 10:34
, 10:34

Ir The Rush to the Mines

Category: 0078216117_

People started to move to the Rockies and Great Plains even before the railroads reached those areas.

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  • Date: , 10:30
, 10:30

Further Reading

Category: WarintheBalkansAnEncyclopedicHistoryfromtheFalloft

Emin, Ahmed. Turkey in the World War. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1930.

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  • Date: , 10:28
, 10:28

I I

Category: Hofkleiderbuch_

I

F-

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  • Date: , 10:25
, 10:25

An aerothermodynamically efficient vehicle

Category: SmartWeapons-TopSecretHistoryofRemoteControlledAir

Hypersonic airbreaching propulsion systems and  having a hypersonic lift-to drag rauo of five, or

Their fuels, it is assumed that mach 8 is the upper  better, will be a long, slender Imdy with relatively

Limit for the use of endothermic hydrocarbon small leading-edge radii (the nose radius, the cowl fuels One will need cryogenic fuels to extend the radius, and the wing leading-edge radius).

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  • Date: , 10:24
, 10:24

The Revolutionary Guard Corps

Category: TheMilitaryBalance2013-1

The IRGC is effectively the regime's Praetorian Guard. It is omnipresent, interfering in the political, economic, social, military and foreign affairs of the country.

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  • Date: , 10:23
, 10:23

JA. UES Ic. DRAKE

Category: TwentyMillionYankees-TheNorthernHomeFrontTheCivilW

Tf 0041er, Sept.

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  • Date: , 10:23
, 10:23

V, = Muzzle velocity

Category: WorldMilitaryAviation-Aircraft, AirforcesandWeapon

Guns

The difference between machine-guns and caimon lies not in the weapons themselves, but in the ammunition they use. While machine-guns fire metal-cased bullets, cannon employ shells fitted with rotating rings.

Aircraft of the Western powers are armed with machine-guns as well as cannon.

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  • Date: , 10:18
, 10:18

The Transition to Liberalism

Category: 0820330655_

Guatemala City celebrated Carreras fiftieth birthday with especially great zest in October 1864. The caudillo was still hardy, although he suffered stomach upset and pain.

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  • Date: , 10:15
, 10:15

)feeie ;, eA

Category: ShermansMarch-AtlantatotheSea(TheCivilWarSeries)_

>./ C?  fe /  ' -/.'y'/ y/it /f? df ff//f/f f, f f/ /

A. /   , . /

//i t i f'  f f f/ f //'/ f I it ff A 

Moved, since the main Federal army would have to cross the river to come to its rescue. Sherman chose to go personally to Port Royal to explain just what he wanted. In the city, meanwhile, time was running out. Defense now seemed hopeless and loomed as a potential waste of troops who might be invaluable in South Carolina. Beauregard returned for an inspection. It was December 16, the day though no word of it would come through that Hoods army was finally destroyed at Nashville. Much to Beauregards irritation, the pontoon bridge across the Savannah River was unfinished; he tongue-lashed the engineers so vigorously that in three days the escape route was ready. The engineers used well-caulked rice boats from nearby plantations for pontoons, said Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Chisolm, Beauregards aide. These, moored by old guns and car wheels for anchors, were covered with flooring supplied by pulling down the wharves and wooden buildings.

In heavy fog on the night of December 20, while Sherman was still off arranging Fosters move and the Federal army lay quiet with orders to initiate no offensive action, Hardee laid down a bombardment to conceal

His movement and began his escape. A detail stayed behind to keep the campfires bright, as unit after unit crossed the pontoon bridge into South Carolina.

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  • Date: , 10:13
, 10:13

Fig. 33. Alternative cut of Bodice

Category: Dover-NineteenthCenturyCostumeandFashion_

Was now made with fewer folds. By iZorj, dresses were so close-fitting that it was nearly impossible to walk in them, and the outlines of the figure were clearly revealed.

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  • Date: , 10:10
, 10:10

CP412, CAB 2496

Category: TheBritishWayinWarfarePowerandtheInternationalSyst

War Office to Commander in Chief, India, 86244, 10.9.20, L/MIL 5/764; Major Bray, 14.9.20, Mesopotamia, Preliminary Report on Causes of Unrest: FO 141/433-2; A. L. Macfie, Causes of Unrest, and Turkish Nationalist Movement. Notably, in 1918, documents captured from a German officer showed Britain that German activities were the direct cause of the present disturbances at Najef, the great Shiite shrine in Iraq, EC 125, CAB 27/25.

Intrigues with Islam, which the British could verify by monitoring nationalist conspirators in Europe.' Intelligence became less apocalyptic and more accurate, focusing on the intentions and capabihties of specific parties, combined with a sense that Islamic sentiments moved Muslim peoples. It monitored relations between Germans, the CUP and Bolsheviks, and expected a German-Russian alhance eventually to emerge, but was not alarmed even by the aligmnent between them which emerged from the Genoa Conference in 1922. Intelligence focused on other conspirators, Bolshevik and Muslim, some of whom did have the intention and capabihty to cause specific threats. Thus, Soviet leaders hoped to hustle the East. In 1919, the Red Army had plans to create a cavalry corps (30.000 to 40.000 riders) with the idea of launching it against India. During a bad patch in the Russian Civil War, the War Minister, Leon Trotsky, held that, although our Red Army had been driven from the West to the East, it still:

Constitutes an incomparably more powerful force in the Asian terrain of world politics than in the European terrain... The road to India may prove at the given moment to be more readily possible and shorter for us than the road to Soviet Hungary... the road to Paris and London hes via the towns of Afghanistan, the Punjab and Bengal.'

In order to do so, the Bolsheviks must develop forces in Asia and indigenous revolutionaries. Vladimir Lenin moved in that direction by committing Soviet power to an Asian-based enterprise, working through crooked timber like Enver and Roy, and the Baku Conference of 1920, where the Bolsheviks tried to raise and seize control over nationalists across the Muslim world. Ultimately, these efforts failed, but they were a real problem and bound to cause concerns about a conspiracy.

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  • Date: , 10:10
, 10:10

FLAGS

Category: TheFlagsoftheConfederacy-AnIllustratedHistory_

Flags are fond symbols, popular with people of all ages.

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  • Date: , 10:09
, 10:09

ENGLISH CIVIL WAR PARLIAMENTARIAN

Category: Wars of Religion

T the start of hostilities between King Tiharles and Parliament in 1642, the latter were much better placed to raise forces than was the King.

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  • Date: , 10:09
, 10:09

The Arctic convoys begin

Category: TheEncyclopediaofSeaWarfare. FromtheFirstIronclads

Nevertheless the number of escorts available was still less than adequate; not all the escort groups had yet received the latest equipment, nor had they acquired the efficiency of the more experienced. Thus in the Atlantic forttmes in the battle swtmg from one side to the other; some convoys lost many of their number, but more reached their destinations unassailed.

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  • Date: , 10:07
, 10:07

The 1960s, Superiority to Parity

Category: TheUSWarMachine-AnIllustratedEncyclopediaofAmerica

In his famous Ann Arbor, Michigan, address in 1962, Secretary McNamara set forth the tenets of a Flexible Response Doctrine based upon counterforce and damage limiting.

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  • Date: , 09:52
, 09:52

te: Qci

Category: TheAgeoftheBattleship1890-1922_

Chinese territory some 30 miles from the British colony; and as soon as work was completed on the Baltimore, on the twenty-fifth, the rest of the squadron joined them. The British at Hong Kong viewed their leaving with sincere regret: the consensus was that the Americans were headed toward certain defeat.

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  • Date: , 09:51
, 09:51

Breach of Faith

Category: Wrelepha

TTie Sassanid king Shapur II had been a constant problem in the eastern Roman empire. In 363 AD, the emperor Julian left Constantinople (modem Istanbul) with his legions to drive away the neo-Persian army.

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  • Date: , 09:46
, 09:46

1808-1873

Category: TheCivilWarAlmanac_

Chase was the Secretary of the treasury in Lincolns cabinet who behaved almost treacherously yet who was appointed Chief Justice by a President who was quite able to outmaneuver such men. A lawyer from Ohio, Chase was originally a Democrat yet he had taken an early and outspoken stand against slavery, not only in public speeches and writing but working as a lawyer to aid fugitive slaves. Going to the Senate in 1849 a Democrat, his opposition to slavery and to compromise with the South drove him into the new Republican Party.

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  • Date: , 09:44
, 09:44

National Fiberation Army (NFA), 154-55, 179-80

Category: WarintheBalkansAnEncyclopedicHistoryfromtheFalloft

National Fiberation Movement.

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  • Date: , 09:40
, 09:40

The letter continues

Category: JohnEdwardsTheGeeksafWar-TheSecretiveLabsandBrilli

Remember how you used to tell me that playing all those video games wouldnt get me anywhere in life? You have to see my helmet to believe it. Its like an IMAX movie right before my eyes.

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  • Date: , 09:38
, 09:38

13TH MEU (SOC)

Category: UnitedStatesMarineCorps

The 13th MEU (SOC) began 2007 already well into their training and certification cycle for a spring 2007 overseas deployment.

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  • Date: , 09:32
, 09:32

Basic Principles, Principle 8

Category: PW_

All universal and regional human rights treaties expressly agree that no derogation can be made to the right to life. See Art. 4(2) ICCPR; Art. 15(2) ECHR; Art. 27(2) ACHR. The AChHPR does not provide for a derogation clause in time of emergency as underlined by the African Commission in, inter alia. Commission nationale des droit et libertes v. Chad, Comm. no. 74/92 (1995), para. 21.

See e. g. Isayeva, Yusupova and Bazayeva v. Russia (App. nos. 57947/00, 57948/00 and 57949/00) (Judgment) ECHR 24 February 2005, esp. at para.

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  • Date: , 09:28
, 09:28

His ill fate follows himth'Egyptian wife!

Category: The2,500-YearStruggleBetweenEastandWest(RandomHous

It is almost possible to hear the hiss of disgust in that last line sequiturque nefasAegyptia coniunxthe hiss, too, of the asp, invoked a few lines later, that would be Cleopatra's final undoing.

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  • Date: , 09:27
, 09:27

Lemaire,?stone, p. 136

Category: TheArmadaofFlandersSpanishMaritimePolicyandEuropea

'5 For more detailed treatment of the privateering business, see below, pp. 221-8 and 258. Petition of Whitmore, 5 May 1625, ARB/CA 114.

The Kings skippers were forbidden to dispose of prizes in neutral ports unless they were too damaged to reach Flanders.

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